Fire Rated Curtain Wall Used in Dramatic Weather Conditions
As far as extreme environments go, Wisconsin has some of the most dramatic in North America. During the winter months, temperatures regularly dip well below freezing, and it is not uncommon to see conditions reach -10 degrees Fahrenheit without taking wind chill factors into account. In the summer months, however, the temperatures can reach up to 90 degrees Fahrenheit with significant humidity levels for extended periods of time.
Given these dramatic weather conditions, the materials chosen for the building envelope should not only protect building occupants from the elements, but ensure their comfort as well. With glass becoming the most popular infill for exterior curtain wall systems, it is no wonder that today’s glazing systems now consider air infiltration, water resistance, thermal properties, condensation resistance, structural performance, among others. In the case of Kromrey Middle School in Middleton, Wisconsin, they had to account for fire resistance as well.
Part of the additions and remodel at Kromrey Middle School included a dramatic, light-filled glass entrance almost 30-foot high that combined transparent high performance low-e glass panels and opaque decorative panels in a clear anodized aluminum curtain wall frame. Because of the glazing structure’s proximity to the surrounding building, it was determined that the assembly had to meet ASTM E-119 for 60 minutes in order to meet fire rated code requirements. Aesthetics was also important, so the fire rated systems had to seamlessly match the non-rated systems on campus.
According to Matt Browne, the project manager from Lake City Glass, the challenge on this project was taking the profiles of a deeper, fire resistive aluminum curtain wall system and blending them seamlessly to a traditional aluminum curtain wall. SAFTI FIRST® was the specified fire rated curtain wall supplier for this project, and our technical sales and engineering departments immediately went to work by providing the architects with the necessary details, performance data and structural calculations while coordinating the delivery and installation schedule with the glazing contractor. “SAFTI FIRST® was able to take the approved low-e insulated units as well as the wood veneer panels and combine it with its fire resistive system, and then match it to all the other glazing on the project. It would take a well trained eye to even tell what was fire rated and what was not, and that truly was the ultimate goal of this portion of the project. ” says Matt.
To meet the code and design requirements, SAFTI FIRST® provided SuperLite II-XL 60 with PPG Starphire Ultra-Clear insulated with Guardian SNX62-27 clear tempered for the transparent panels. For the opaque panels, SAFTI FIRST® provided a custom fire resistive wood veneer panel insulated with a clear anodized panel on the interior side. For the framing SAFTI FIRST® provided GPX Curtain Wall Framing with uniform sightlines and clear anodized finish. For the 60 minute pair doors with vision lites exceeding 100 square inches, SAFTI FIRST® provided SuperLite II-XL 60 with PPG Starphire Ultra-Clear insulated with Guardian SNX62-27 clear tempered in GPX Builders Series Temperature Rise Door Framing. The entire fire resistive system was manufactured in the USA in SAFTI FIRST®’s factory in Merced, California.
To ensure that the curtain wall requirements are met, SAFTI FIRST®’s GPX Curtain Wall system has been tested to the following standards:
- ASTM E 283-04, Rate of Air Leakage Through Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls and Doors
- ASTM E 331-00, Standard Test Method for Metal Curtain Walls and Doors by Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference
- AAMA 501.1-05, Standard Test Method for Metal Curtain Walls and Doors by Uniform Dynamic Pressure
- ASTM E 330-2, Structural Performance of Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls, and Doors by Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference
- AAMA 501.4-09, Recommended Static Test Method for Evaluating Curtain Wall and Storefront Systems Subjects to Seismic and Wind Induced Interstory Drifts
- Thermal Cycling and Condensation Evaluation
- Interstory Vertical Displacement Tests
With regard to Wisconsin’s demanding weather conditions, the combination of SAFTI FIRST®’s GPX Curtain Wall system and SuperLite II-XL IGU provide robust and durable performance serving as the perfect defense for freezing temperatures in the winter and intense heat and humidity in the summer. The GPX Curtain Wall system framing utilizes two distinct insulating barriers providing complete separation between the conditioned and unconditioned airspaces. The SuperLite II-XL IGU adds an airspace to the SuperLite II-XL, creating a “triple insulated” fire resistive glass. When teamed with a high-performance, low-e product, SuperLite II-XL IGU offers a thermally efficient, fire resistive glass unit that will provide fire integrity and meet virtually any thermal requirement.
Being a school and having a set deadline for opening, meeting the schedule was also absolutely critical. “SAFTI FIRST® worked diligently to make sure we could meet this schedule. I felt like they really proved their expertise with the system, as well as a first class professionalism that ensured the project would no doubt be a success,” adds Matt.
The result is a beautiful, high performance, code-compliant curtain wall that enhances the overall building’s design that ensures the safety and overall comfort of its occupants.